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Architecture

Theatre was and still is an illustration of how successful is the blend of art and wealth. Several styles are combined in the design of the facade and the interiors of the theater. Here you can find elements of the Italian Renaissance and the Vienna Baroque, classical baroque and rococo, but the stylistic components are in absolute harmony and create a coherent composition.

The main facade of the theater has a semi-oval shape with two side wings from which the luxury stairs take their rise. The front part of the building is divided by columns and pilasters, balconies. A narrow two-tier portal is located in the center.

The front side of the theater is made in the style of Viennese baroque. Exteriorly the building consists of three storeys. Semi-recessed balconies of the first ones are decorated with the columns of the Tuscan order only. These storeys form a single whole and look fundamentally, giving the construction a static view. The third storey looks  lighter and laced, with careful study of details. The gravity of lower storeys is balanced with the numerous arched semi-recessed balconies, columns and pilasters of the Ionic order. A sophisticated portico and a domed roof give  the additional effects in the architectural appearance of the theater. As a result the construction seems floating above the ground.

Over the facade stands a group of sculptures depicting the patroness of theatrical art - the muse Melpomene in a chariot yoked by four furious panthers (allegory: a power of art is able to subdue a bestial savagery).

The portico is crowned with two sculptures that symbolize the music and dance, on the left – Orpheus is playing the cithara for the centaur, on the right - the muse of dance Terpsichore is teaching a girl. On the fronton of the portico several dates are written with roman numerals: the first line MDCCCLXXXIV-MDCCCLXXXVII  are the years of start and finish of building of the theatre (1884 - 1887). The second line contains the phrase «ardebat anno», indicating a fire in 1925. Then comes the date MCMLXVII (1967) and the word «restitutum» («restored") as a reminder of the restoration work in the theater.

The central entrance is decorated with stucco molding of emboding  comedy and tragedy. The episode from the tragedy “Hippolytus” by Euripides is on the left, the episode from the comedy ”The Birds" by Aristophanes is on the right. There are 16 figures of putties (cupids) on the balustrade of the building, each putti is unique and does not copy the others.

In the round niches on the top floor around the building gable there are the busts of great Russian authors - Alexander Pushkin, Alexander Griboyedov, Nikolay Gogol and Mikhail Glinka. They represent poetry, drama, comedy and music - in the name of them the Theater was built. The sculpture masters F. Netaly, F. Friedl, L. Stritskius and F. Ethel put their souls to create them.

Architecture